arp: Displays and modifies the IP-to-Physical address translation tables used by address resolution protocol (ARP).
The command: "arp" is on Windows 11, 10, .. available
The examples for the command "arp"
Understood. Here are examples of the `ARP`
command in the Windows Command Prompt with detailed comments:
Example 1: Show ARP table:
This command displays the ARP table containing the mapping of IP addresses to physical MAC addresses. Information such as IP address and associated MAC address are listed.
Example 2: Show ARP entry for a specific IP address:
ARP -a 192.168.1.1
The ARP entry for the specific IP address 192.168.1.1 is displayed here. This allows checking the MAC address associated with that IP address.
Example 3: Clear ARP Cache:
This command clears the entire ARP cache. This is useful if you want to ensure that all listings are renewed and contain updated information.
Example 4: Add ARP entry for a specific IP address:
ARP -s 192.168.1.2 00-1A-2B-3C-4D-5E
Here a manual ARP entry is added for the IP address 192.168.1.2 with the MAC address 00-1A-2B-3C-4D-5E. This can be useful in certain scenarios to create manual mappings.
Example 5: Save ARP entries to a text file:
ARP -a > ARP table.txt
This command saves all ARP entries to a text file called "ARP-table.txt"
. This can be useful to have a snapshot of the ARP table for later analysis purposes.
Example 6: Save specific ARP entries to a text file:
ARP -a | FIND "192.168.1." > ARP subnet.txt
Only the ARP entries are stored here, the IP addresses in the subnet "192.168.1."
contain. This can be useful for obtaining specific information about devices on the network.
command is used to manage the ARP table and is useful for network analysis and diagnosis on a Windows system. Note that administrative permissions may be required to perform certain actions.
"arp" Excerpt from Microsoft Windows Help
Microsoft Windows [Version 10.0.19045.3693]
(c) Copyright 1985-2023 Microsoft Corp.
Displays and modifies the IP-to-Physical address translation tables used by
address resolution protocol (ARP).
ARP -s inet_addr eth_addr [if_addr]
ARP -d inet_addr [if_addr]
ARP -a [inet_addr] [-N if_addr]
-a Displays current ARP entries by interrogating the current
protocol data. If inet_addr is specified, the IP and Physical
addresses for only the specified computer are displayed. If
more than one network interface uses ARP, entries for each ARP
table are displayed.
-g Same as -a.
inet_addr Specifies an internet address.
-N if_addr Displays the ARP entries for the network interface specified
-d Deletes the host specified by inet_addr. inet_addr may be
wildcarded with * to delete all hosts.
-s Adds the host and associates the Internet address inet_addr
with the Physical address eth_addr. The Physical address is
given as 6 hexadecimal bytes separated by hyphens. The entry
eth_addr Specifies a physical address.
if_addr If present, this specifies the Internet address of the
interface whose address translation table should be modified.
If not present, the first applicable interface will be used.
> arp -s 188.8.131.52 00-aa-00-62-c6-09 .... Adds a static entry.
> arp -a .... Displays the arp table.
Important information, tips for the "arp" command
There are a few important points to note when dealing with the `ARP` command in the Windows Command Prompt:
1. Administrative Privileges:
Certain ARP actions, such as adding or deleting entries, require administrative permissions. Make sure you open Command Prompt with administrator privileges to access all features.
2. Update Delays:
Changes to the ARP table do not take effect immediately. It may take some time for updated information to appear in the table. If there are rapid changes in the network, this can lead to temporary inaccuracies.
3. Use manual ARP entries with caution:
Adding ARP entries manually should be done with caution. Incorrect assignments can lead to network problems. Make sure you are using the correct MAC addresses and IP addresses.
4. Clear ARP cache:
Clearing the entire ARP cache with `ARP -d` can cause temporary network outages as newly requested addresses must be resolved. Use this command carefully, especially in production environments.
5. Analysis of ARP anomalies:
Irregularities in the ARP table may indicate network problems or attacks. For example, ARP spoofing attacks can cause false MAC addresses to be associated with valid IP addresses. Regular monitoring can help detect such abnormalities.
6. Note network segmentation:
In larger networks with subnets, there may be multiple ARP tables for different segments. Make sure you check the correct ARP tables for the specific segment.
7. Use correct syntax:
Be sure to use the correct syntax for the `ARP` command. Errors in command syntax can result in unexpected behavior.
In general, it is important to understand the impact of 'ARP' commands on network behavior and to use them carefully. If there is any uncertainty, network administrators or IT experts can be consulted to ensure that the actions do not have a negative impact on network performance.