What can the command CHDIR?


 
ColorConsole [Version 1.3.3000]
Microsoft Windows XP [Version 5.1.2600]
(C) Copyright 1985-2001 Microsoft Corp.

C:\WINDOWS>HELP CHDIR
Displays the name of or changes the current directory.

CHDIR [/D] [drive:][path]
CHDIR [..]
CD [/D] [drive:][path]
CD [..]

 ..   Specifies that you want to change to the parent directory.

Type CD drive: to display the current directory in the specified drive.
Type CD without parameters to display the current drive and directory.

Use the /D switch to change current drive in addition to changing current
directory for a drive.

If Command Extensions are enabled CHDIR changes as follows:

The current directory string is converted to use the same case as
the on disk names.  So CD C:\TEMP would actually set the current
directory to C:\Temp if that is the case on disk.

CHDIR command does not treat spaces as delimiters, so it is possible to
CD into a subdirectory name that contains a space without surrounding
the name with quotes.  For example:

   cd \winnt\profiles\username\programs\start menu

is the same as:

   cd "\winnt\profiles\username\programs\start menu"

which is what you would have to type if extensions were disabled.



C:\WINDOWS>HELP CHKDSK
Checks a disk and displays a status report.


CHKDSK [volume[[path]filename]]] [/F] [/V] [/R] [/X] [/I] [/C] [/L[:size]]


 volume          Specifies the drive letter (followed by a colon),
                 mount point, or volume name.
 filename        FAT/FAT32 only: Specifies the files to check for
fragmentation.
 /F              Fixes errors on the disk.
 /V              On FAT/FAT32: Displays the full path and name of every file
                 on the disk.
                 On NTFS: Displays cleanup messages if any.
 /R              Locates bad sectors and recovers readable information
                 (implies /F).
 /L:size         NTFS only:  Changes the log file size to the specified number
                 of kilobytes.  If size is not specified, displays current
                 size.
 /X              Forces the volume to dismount first if necessary.
                 All opened handles to the volume would then be invalid
                 (implies /F).
 /I              NTFS only: Performs a less vigorous check of index entries.
 /C              NTFS only: Skips checking of cycles within the folder
                 structure.

The /I or /C switch reduces the amount of time required to run Chkdsk by
skipping certain checks of the volume.



C:\WINDOWS>HELP CHKNTFS
Displays or modifies the checking of disk at boot time.

CHKNTFS volume [...]
CHKNTFS /D
CHKNTFS /T[:time]
CHKNTFS /X volume [...]
CHKNTFS /C volume [...]

 volume         Specifies the drive letter (followed by a colon),
                mount point, or volume name.
 /D             Restores the machine to the default behavior; all drives are
                checked at boot time and chkdsk is run on those that are
                dirty.
 /T:time        Changes the AUTOCHK initiation countdown time to the
                specified amount of time in seconds.  If time is not
                specified, displays the current setting.
 /X             Excludes a drive from the default boot-time check.  Excluded
                drives are not accumulated between command invocations.
 /C             Schedules a drive to be checked at boot time; chkdsk will run
                if the drive is dirty.

If no switches are specified, CHKNTFS will display if the specified drive is
dirty or scheduled to be checked on next reboot.




GOTO : HELP CLS








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The command CHDIR - Displays the name of or changes the current directory.

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